The Mara Count, 2002. The count that counts.


Serengeti Mara Ecosystem

Wildebeest in the MaraThe Serengeti - Mara Ecosystem supports the most diverse migration of grazing mammals on earth. The Mara, although only a quarter of the total ecosystem area, is crucial to the survival of the entire system because it is the source of forage for wildlife migrating through the Serengeti during critical points in the dry season.

Only 25% of the wildlife habitat in the Mara part of the ecosystem is protected (in the Mara Reserve); the rest lies within pastoral and agricultural areas north of the reserve.

Lion and lioness in the Maasai Mara.These lands outside the reserve are also under more pressure than the rest of the ecosystem, with recent unprecedented human population growth, expansion of wheat farming in wildebeest calving grounds and expansion of tourism facilities.

Recent efforts to privatise land are also changing the way people have interacted with wildlife over many millennia. Since the mid-1970s, these pressures have caused a 60% decline in wildlife both inside and outside the Mara Reserve.


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Maps, graphics and unpublished reports from this website may be reproduced for non-commercial use provided that such reproduction shall acknowledge the Mara count 2002 with this citation:
"Reid, R.S., Rainy, M., Ogutu, J., Kruska, R.L., McCartney, M., Nyabenge, M., Kimani, K., Kshatriya, M., Worden, J., Ng'ang'a, L., Owuor, J., Kinoti, J., Njuguna, E., Wilson, C.J., and Lamprey, R. (2003). People, Wildlife and Livestock in the Mara Ecosystem: the Mara Count 2002. Report, Mara Count 2002, International Livestock Research Institute, Nairobi, Kenya."
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